Archive for category apache

apache HTTP Strict Transport Security with long duration

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is an opt-in security enhancement that is specified by a web application through the use of a special response header. Once a supported browser receives this header that browser will prevent any communications from being sent over HTTP to the specified domain and will instead send all communications over HTTPS. It also prevents HTTPS click through prompts on browsers.
How to achieve apache with a bullet proof SSL config and HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) with long duration
Here is goes

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
    Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; includeSubDomains"
</IfModule>
SSLUseStapling on
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLStaplingCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_stapling_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1 +TLSv1.1 +TLSv1.2
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:!LOW:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!3DES:!EXP:!PSK:!SRP:!DSS

This gives a A+ at Qualys SSL Labs SSL Test.

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current 2013 bullet proof SSL config

Now in December 2013 the best available SSL config with a 4096 bit RSA Key and httpd Apache 2.4.7 with OpenSSL/1.0.1e.

SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1 +TLSv1.1 +TLSv1.2
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:!LOW:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!3DES:!EXP:!PSK:!SRP:!DSS

YES Windows XP is no longer supported with this. But for me there is no more need to do so.

ssl test lab result

The SSL Test Lap Test shows a very good result. The Cipher Strength is at 100%. So any browser will use a 256 bit encrypted connection to that server.

What is listen on my apache port?

On Windows it seems not to be that easy figure out if some process is listening on port 80 or 443.
A simple command line command can show the pid of the process that is listening.

netstat -ano | findstr /R 0.0:80 && netstat -ano | findstr /R 0.0:443

Easy ;)

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Apache defend CRIME Attack TLS / SSL

SSL Tests like https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/index.html show a vulnerability against CRIME Attack. To overcome / defend that with apache you can turn off the SSL compression.

SSLCompression off

That makes it easy to defend it.

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Compling Apache 2.4 on Ubuntu or Debian

wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.4.2/srclib
wget http://mirror.netcologne.de/apache.org//apr/apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
tar xvfz apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
mv apr-iconv-1.2.1 apr-iconv
wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.6.tar.gz
tar xvfz zlib-1.2.7.tar.gz
mv zlib-1.2.7 zlib
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.21.tar.gz
tar xvfz pcre-8.21.tar.gz
mv pcre-8.21 pcre
wget http://www.openssl.org/source/http://openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
tar xfz openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
cd openssl-*
./config --prefix=/usr zlib-dynamic --openssldir=/etc/ssl shared
make
make test
sudo make install
cd ../..
./buildconf
./configure --prefix=/opt/apache2 --enable-pie --enable-mods-shared=all --enable-so --disable-include --enable-deflate --enable-headers --enable-expires --enable-ssl=shared --enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event --enable-rewrite --with-z=/home/mario/apache24/httpd-2.4.2/srclib/zlib --enable-module=ssl --enable-fcgid --with-included-apr
make 
sudo make install
cd ..
wget http://www.trieuvan.com/apache//httpd/mod_fcgid/mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
tar xvfz mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
cd mod_fcgid-*
APXS=/opt/apache2/bin/apxs ./configure.apxs
make
sudo make install

For using PHP install php-cgi

add httpd.conf

FcgidMaxProcesses 50
FcgidFixPathinfo 1
FcgidProcessLifeTime 0
FcgidTimeScore 3
FcgidZombieScanInterval 20
FcgidMaxRequestsPerProcess 0
FcgidMaxRequestLen 33554432
FcgidIOTimeout 120

in each vhost

Options Indexes ExecCGI
AddHandler fcgid-script .php
FCGIWrapper /usr/lib/cgi-bin/php5 .php

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Apache 2.4.x Better than rewriting

With httpd Apache 2.4.x is is more simple to do stuff than with 2.2.x

Like forcing the www. in front of a domain. Apache now supports the If Elseif Else :-) Pretty nice!
Light example

<If "$req{Host} != 'www.example.com'">
    RedirectMatch (.*) http://www.example.com$1
</If>

Easy, isn’t it?

A bit more old fashion way, so you can use the %{bla} stuff you already know.

<If "%{HTTP_HOST} == 'example.com'">
Redirect permanent / http://www.example.com
</If>

Also nice is the Define Directive.

OK you have to start apache with the -D parameter. Like httpd -D TEST

<IfDefine TEST>
Define servername test.example.com
</IfDefine>
<IfDefine !TEST>
Define servername www.example.com
Define SSL
</IfDefine>

If you have some example, please let me know!

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mod_dav_svn from subversion 1.7.x does not build against apache 2.4

Since the API in Apache 2.4.x has changed the mod_dav_svn module from svn doesn’t build currently. I made patch for that. There is only a small issue in subversion/mod_dav_svn/util.c

Index: util.c
===================================================================
--- util.c    (revision 1299310)
+++ util.c    (working copy)
@@ -627,8 +627,14 @@
         if (errscan->desc == NULL)
             continue;

-        if (errscan->save_errno != 0) {
+#if AP_MODULE_MAGIC_AT_LEAST(20091119,0)            
+        if (errscan->aprerr != 0) {
+            errno = errscan->aprerr;
+#else
+        if (errscan->save_errno != 0) {
             errno = errscan->save_errno;
+#endif
+
             ap_log_rerror(APLOG_MARK, level, errno, r, "%s  [%d, #%d]",
                           errscan->desc, errscan->status, errscan->error_id);
         }

Now it compiles against Apache 2.2 and Apache 2.4

 

Any feedback is welcome.

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Apache 2.4 log level config

In the new apache 2.4 it is pretty cool to configure the logging via module.

LogLevel warn ssl:error auth_digest:error socache_shmcb:warn mpm_worker:warn fcgid:info

mod_fcgid is crashing apache windows and linux

With apache 2.3.15 I had kinda  the same issue with mod_fcgidon ubuntu 8.04 as on windows.  With -k restart or -k graceful the server did not die like on windows, but the server delivered than only a 200 OK response header, but nothing more. Switching from worker mpm to event mpm seemed to solve this, but the server died later :-/

Since it has talmost the same issues like on windows I could make a patch that fixes this. Grab the patch (patched against trunk) for the patch for 2.3.6

The bug 50309 is now longer than a year listet. Bad that none applied it yet.

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Secure apache against CVE-2011-3389 aka Beast attack

During the summer rumours about a new attack against SSL started circulating (CVE-2011-3389).
As it turns out, the attack itself was conceived years ago, deemed impractical, but it was nevertheless fixed in TLS 1.1. The new attack technique introduced a few optimizations to make it practical.

In terms of mitigation, I expect this problem will be largely addressed on the client side, despite a potential compatibility problem that may cause some TLS sites to stop working.

With this config you can avoid that attack.

SSLProtocol all -SSLv2
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!EDH:!AESGCM:!SSLV2:!eNULL

#NO Longer needed cause since IE 7 this works ;) 
#SetEnvIf User-Agent ".*MSIE.*" nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown

With OpenSSL 1.0.1 it must be

SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:AES128-GCM-SHA256:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!EDH

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