Honor / huawei phone disable / remove huawei search

1) Download ADB
2) Enable USB Debugging on your device
3) Connect to computer and verify your device is listed with command “adb devices”
4) Type “adb Shell”
5) Type “pm list packages”, this will show you all packages installed on phone.
6) Type “pm uninstall -k –user 0 com.huawei.search”
7) you should see the word “Sucess” pop up
Well I removed some more bloat ware
adb devices
adb Shell
pm list package
pm list package | grep "huawei"
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.search
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.appmarket
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.himovie.overseas
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.android.mirrorshare
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.tips
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.huawei.wallet
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.facebook.services
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.facebook.appmanager
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.facebook.system
pm uninstall -k --user 0 com.google.android.feedback
pm list package | grep -v "google" | grep -v "huawei" | grep -v "com\.android"
pm list package huawei

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How to paste / insert in vim from clipboard

When ever I tried to insert text from the clipboard to vim it did either not work at all or the lines were inserted like a tree, each line more indented.

To fix that, you can do the following:
Before pasting into vim, enable paste mode by entering :set paste.
Press I to enter insert mode. The status bar should say — INSERT (paste) — now.
Press Shift + Insert (The auto indentation of vim should not happen.)
Press Esc to leave insert mode, and disable paste mode using :set nopaste again.
This works from windows terminal, putty, linux terminal and WSL.

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Fight CBC ciphers with 256 bit alias crypto wars part ten

Since a few weeks the ssllabs server tests marks three more ciphers as CBC ciphers. Block ciphers are not secure. And flagged orange in the test results.

The candidates are

ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384
ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA

Removing them form the configuration also means removing the support for several older browsers.

The new recommended cipher suite is:

SSLCipherSuite SSL ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
SSLCipherSuite TLSv1.3 TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384

 

Thanks to Gregg for showing the other POLY 1305 ciphers that I didn’t know of until today. I saw you post at AL.
Update: I had to remove ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305 and DHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305 since they are not HIPAA nor NIST compatible.

The TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 ciphers is mandatory for TLS 1.3, but I kindly ignore that since I want only 256 bit encryption. This is not madness, this is crypto wars.

The whole configuration

<If "%{SERVER_PORT} == '443'">
        <IfModule mod_headers.c>
                Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; preload"
        </IfModule>
</If>
SSLUseStapling On
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLStaplingCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_stapling_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1.2 +TLSv1.3
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite SSL ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
SSLCipherSuite TLSv1.3 TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384

SSLOpenSSLConfCmd ECDHParameters secp384r1
SSLOpenSSLConfCmd Curves sect571r1:sect571k1:secp521r1:sect409k1:sect409r1:secp384r1:sect283k1:sect283r1:secp256k1:prime256v1

H2Direct On

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Wild card domain to localhost because development matters

I have an A record for *.local at my test domain to 127.0.0.1

For web development it is often required to have a domain name rather than a subfolder in localhost. A vhost for a (sub)domain is easy to set up on my local apache instllation. I can have even a free, valid SSL certificate for that vhost. Wait, what? How can I have a valid certificate for free for a local domain? I use Let’s encrypt with DNS chalange. Sure every time I have to update the certifacte I have to change a DNS txt record, but that is easy.

Another reason why I have a wild card record to 127.0.0.1 is that I can add as many vhosts for testing to apache and don’t have to add or change the DNS settings. Also I can use it on every computer as long as it can query the DNS server on the internet. I can even give my co worker my vhost config and it works without changes.

So *.local.apachehaus.de is free for development. But you can’t have a SSL certificate. If you want that, you can do the same trick with your domain.  Happy development.

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Back to the front. Bootstrap with composer

After a long while I had to something with frontend coding. I wanted to used composer like in my PHP projects. But how the heck to get the composer files to the public / frontend folder on each update? Luckily composer knows a post update command. So here we go

{
  "require": {
    "twbs/bootstrap": "4.3.1"
  },
  "scripts": {
    "post-update-cmd": [
      "rm -rf public/bootstrap",
      "cp -R vendor/twbs/bootstrap/dist public/bootstrap"
    ]
  }
}

with composer update the files will be copied to public/bootstrap. Easy!

Apache log as JSON

It is often required to parse the apache log, but the normal log format requires special handling like: https://github.com/JBlond/apache_log_parser
It is easier to have a direct output like JSON format.

LogFormat "{ \"time\":\"%t\", \"remoteIP\":\"%a\", \"host\":\"%V\", \"request\":\"%U\", \"query\":\"%q\", \"method\":\"%m\", \"status\":\"%>s\", \"userAgent\":\"%{User-agent}i\", \"referer\":\"%{Referer}i\" }" json

Now we have an easy to read log file.

Finding the right ciphers with 256 bit alias crypto wars part nine

Finding a good cipher for your web server is not an easy task. openssl ciphers -v ALL:COMPLEMENTOFALL lists all the available ciphers on your system.
What we don’t want

  • SSLv3 that is no longer secure.
  • 128 bit encryption is too weak
  • no encrytion cipther ;)
  • DSS cipher for key auth
  • DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA is no longer secure
  • TLSv1 no longer secure
  • PSK ( pre shared key) cipher
  • CAMELLIA
  • CBC cipher because of the BEAST attack
  • RSA because of FREAK and SMACK and ROBOT
  • Au=None
  • AESCCM it is also a Cipher Block Chaining (CBC)

That gives us:

openssl ciphers -v ALL:COMPLEMENTOFALL | grep -v "SSLv3" | grep -v "(128)" | grep -v "Enc=None" | \
 grep -v "Au=DSS" | grep -v "DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA" | grep -v "TLSv1 " | grep -v "Au=PSK" | grep -v "Kx=RSAPSK" | \
 grep -v "CAMELLIA" | grep -v "CBC" | grep -v "Au=RSA" | grep -v "Au=None" | grep -v "Enc=AESCCM"

now choose your poison.

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Global php composer install or update

Installing or updating a global installed composer can be a PITA if you don’t want to rely on the Linux distro
An easy way is:

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | sudo php -- --install-dir=/bin --filename=composer

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http/2.0 sslciphersuites with 256 bit alias crypto wars part eight TLSv1.3

Now with the release of Apache 2.4.37 it supports TLSv1.3 (with OpenSSL 1.1.1). Before is was possible to compile Apache against OpenSSL 1.1.1 but it had no effect compared to OpenSSL 1.1.0

There are some advantages using TLS 1.3. it comes with Zero Round Trip Time (0-RTT). Explained simply, with TLS 1.2, two round-trips had been needed to complete the TLS handshake. With TLSv1.3, it requires only one round-trip, which in turn cuts the encryption latency in half. It feels faster.

At the moment only Chrome and Firefox support TLS 1.3. But I think other browser will follow soon.

This requires Apache 2.4.37 or better and OpenSSL 1.1.1 or better. Note that there are now two different directives for SSLCipherSuite. Also new is that the names for the Ciphers for TLS 1.3 are  directly taken from the OpenSSL internal naming. This is different compared to the old way in apache. Only two ciphers that are allowed for TLSv1.3 support 256 bit encryption that is why I chose those.

Listen 443
<If "%{SERVER_PORT} == '443'">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; preload"
</IfModule>
</If>

ProtocolsHonorOrder On
Protocols h2c h2 http/1.1

TraceEnable Off

SSLUseStapling On
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLStaplingCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_stapling_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1.2 +TLSv1.3
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite SSL ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
SSLCipherSuite TLSv1.3 TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256:TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384

SSLOpenSSLConfCmd DHParameters "/opt/apache2/conf/dh4096.pem"
SSLOpenSSLConfCmd ECDHParameters secp384r1
SSLOpenSSLConfCmd Curves sect571r1:sect571k1:secp521r1:sect409k1:sect409r1:secp384r1:sect283k1:sect283r1:secp256k1:prime256v1

H2Direct On

Sadly not OS Distributions support the last OpenSSL version or that TLv1.3 version has been backported or it has been patched, but apache shows still an older version number.

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http/2.0 sslciphersuites with 256 bit alias crypto wars part seven meeting Canada

Some weeks ago canada released a document for offical / public websites. No longer is TLS 1.0 nor TLS 1.1 allowed, but TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.3

Until this writing apache does not support TLS 1.3 yet, but it will come soon. This is because Apache does not work 100% with OpenSSL 1.1.1 yet. Soon it will do.

This brings an updated SSL config for apache webserver

 

<If "%{SERVER_PORT} == '443'">
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; preload"
</IfModule>
</If>
SSLUseStapling On
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLStaplingCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_stapling_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1.2
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA

SSLOpenSSLConfCmd ECDHParameters secp384r1
SSLOpenSSLConfCmd Curves sect571r1:sect571k1:secp521r1:sect409k1:sect409r1:secp384r1:sect283k1:sect283r1:secp256k1:prime256v1

H2Direct On

Some old clients including older Android versions are not longer supported, unless you install a newer browser like current Firefox.

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