Public Key Pinning Extension for HTTP (HPKP) on Apache2. HPKP tries to detect MITM attacks with valid certificates. The browser stores the hash code in the internal storage and verifies the public key against that sum.

Since it is not that easy to create a public pin under windows, here is a php script that does this

<?php
// openssl x509 -in example.crt -pubkey -noout | openssl rsa -pubin -outform der | openssl dgst -sha256 -binary | base64
if(!isset($argv['1'])){
    die('certificate not set');
}
$certificate = $argv['1'];
$public_key = openssl_get_publickey(file_get_contents($certificate));
$public_key_details = openssl_pkey_get_details($public_key);
$public_key_pem = $public_key_details['key'];

//Convert PEM to DER before SHA1'ing
$string_start = '-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----';
$string_end = '-----END PUBLIC KEY-----';
$pem_trimed = substr($public_key_pem, (strpos($public_key_pem, $string_start)+strlen($string_start)), (strlen($public_key_pem) - strpos($public_key_pem, $string_end))*(-1));
$der = base64_decode($pem_trimed);

// 47DEQpj8HBSa+/TImW+5JCeuQeRkm5NMpJWZG3hSuFU= is an empty hash
echo PHP_EOL. "Header always set Public-Key-Pins 'pin-sha256=\"" . base64_encode(openssl_digest($der,'sha256',true)) ."\"; pin-sha256=\"bZ3qT75yZLagDEADBEEF0h3KAseeheXXJ5dliOfLB2A=\"; max-age=5184000'". PHP_EOL;

Add that config statement to correct SSL vhost

 

C:\>php public_pinning.php example.crt
<VirtualHost *:443>
	ServerName example.com
    ServerAlias www.example.com
Header always set Public-Key-Pins "pin-sha256=\"bZ3qT75yZLagDEADBEEF0h3KAseeheXXJ5dliOfLB2A=\"; "pin-sha256=\"sef3575yZLagDEADBEEF0h3KAseeheXXJ5dliOfLdfe=\"; max-age=5184000"