failed Import ZFS pools by cache file

A single disk zpool “test” crashed on my server (the disk died). It was just for testing, so nothing dramatic. However, when I rebooted the server I got the error message “failed Import ZFS pools by cache file”.  A zpool destroy -f did not solve the problem. zpool status still showed the “test” pool. The other pool tank was still working.

What did help was

# disable the cache file for the existing pool(s)
zpool set cachefile=none tank
# delete the old pool file
rm -rf /etc/zfs/zpool.cache
# recreate if
touch /etc/zfs/zpool.cache
reboot
# re-enable the cache
zpool set cachefile=/etc/zfs/zpool.cache tank

Well, the cache file should be automatically updated when your pool configuration is changed, but with the crashed pool it did not.

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