Posts Tagged apache

Fun with windows subsystem for linux

After the install and the required reboot I was able to start bash. At first I was confused where to find the files from the home directory. It isn’t the one from windows itself.
Well I found it in AppData\Local\lxss . So each user has his / her own files.

Since I was able to find most stuff I wanted to know if I am able to compile httpd apache on it. I cloned https://github.com/jblond/debian_build_apache24.git and the build went smooth.
But apache didn’t start. Adding AcceptFilter http none and AcceptFilter https none helped. To get rid of the first error messages. But still apache wasn’t starting. Got the following error message.

[Tue Jan 24 22:31:33.590385 2017] [fcgid:emerg] [pid 1289:tid 140034843477824] (38)Function not implemented: mod_fcgid: Can't create shared memory for size 1200712 bytes

Okay, I disabled mod_fcgid and apache starts with /opt/apache2/bin/httpd -k start . Even running C:\Windows\System32\bash.exe ~ as Adminstrator did not solve to run fcgid.
I have to find out how to run mod_fcgid. I like to run PHP over fcgid.

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http/2.0 sslciphersuites with 256 bit alias crypto wars part four

To get rid of 128 bit encryption I had to disable

ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256

But then I got error messages from the popular browsers Server negotiated HTTP/2 with blacklisted suite. That is caused by DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA and ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA

With a lof of trial and error I came to the following

Listen 443
<If "%{SERVER_PORT} == '443'">
    <IfModule mod_headers.c>
        Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; preload"
    </IfModule>
</If>

ProtocolsHonorOrder On
Protocols h2c h2 http/1.1

SSLUseStapling off
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1 +TLSv1.1 +TLSv1.2
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:DHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256 

However that has the negative effect that Android smaller than 7 and smaller than IE 11 can’t connect to the server. Also some older Firefox versions can’t connect. Depending on the application it might be worth to use such a config that doesn’t allow 128 bit encrypted connections.

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How to set up git over apache 2.4 on Windows

How to set up git apache 2.4 on Windows

At my first shot I was abl to glone the repo but I wasn’t able to push into the repo. Setting the LogLevel to debug showed: AH01215: Service not enabled: ‘receive-pack’: C:/Program Files (x86)/Git/libexec/git-core/git-http-backend.exe

Googling suggested to enable WebDAV. I doubted that but tried it anyway. Trail and error! It did not work about. The git client showed a 403 -> an access or authentication error.   The authentication triggered something in my mind. So I searched for the auth variable that git uses. Et voilà: Git uses the remote user in a different way.
SetEnv REMOTE_USER $REDIRECT_REMOTE_USER
The following set up is not secure, just for local testing. It requires  a http authentication ;)

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName git.local.apachehaus.de
    DocumentRoot "/Users/mario/work/git"
    CustomLog "C:\nul" common

    SetEnv GIT_PROJECT_ROOT /Users/mario/work/git
    SetEnv GIT_HTTP_EXPORT_ALL true
    SetEnv REMOTE_USER $REDIRECT_REMOTE_USER

    ScriptAliasMatch "(?x)^/(.*/(HEAD | info/refs | objects/(info/[^/]+ | [0-9a-f]{2}/[0-9a-f]{38} | pack/pack-[0-9a-f]{40}.(pack|idx)) | git-(upload|receive)-pack))$" "C:/Program Files (x86)/git/libexec/git-core/git-http-backend.exe/$1"

    <Directory "/Users/mario/work/git">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    <Directory "C:/Program Files (x86)/git/libexec/git-core/">
        Options ExecCGI
    </Directory>
    <Directory />
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

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mod_fcgid is polluting my error log on windows

Well I really like mod_fcgid with PHP on my Apaches on Windows. But since every time a PHP process get it’s signal to die, mod_fcgid creates on windows an entry in the error log cause the graceful stop always fails.

There in a patch for that! I made a bug report (54597), but it didn’t go in the code yet.  If you wanna patch it yourself, here it is.

--- modules/fcgid/fcgid_pm_main.c	(revision 1448988)
+++ modules/fcgid/fcgid_pm_main.c	(working copy)
@@ -333,10 +333,17 @@ 
                                   current_node->proc_pool);
         }
         else {
+#ifndef WIN32
             ap_log_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_WARNING, 0, main_server,
                          "mod_fcgid: process %" APR_PID_T_FMT
                          " graceful kill fail, sending SIGKILL",
                          current_node->proc_id.pid);
+#else
+            ap_log_error(APLOG_MARK, APLOG_DEBUG, 0, main_server,
+                         "mod_fcgid: process %" APR_PID_T_FMT
+                         " graceful kill fail, sending SIGKILL",
+                         current_node->proc_id.pid);
+#endif
             proc_kill_force(current_node, main_server);
         }
     }

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apache HTTP Strict Transport Security with long duration

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is an opt-in security enhancement that is specified by a web application through the use of a special response header. Once a supported browser receives this header that browser will prevent any communications from being sent over HTTP to the specified domain and will instead send all communications over HTTPS. It also prevents HTTPS click through prompts on browsers.
How to achieve apache with a bullet proof SSL config and HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) with long duration
Here is goes

<IfModule mod_headers.c>
    Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15553000; includeSubDomains"
</IfModule>
SSLUseStapling on
SSLSessionCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_gcache_data(512000)
SSLStaplingCache shmcb:/opt/apache2/logs/ssl_stapling_data(512000)
SSLOptions +StrictRequire +StdEnvVars -ExportCertData
SSLProtocol -all +TLSv1 +TLSv1.1 +TLSv1.2
SSLCompression Off
SSLHonorCipherOrder On
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:!LOW:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!3DES:!EXP:!PSK:!SRP:!DSS

This gives a A+ at Qualys SSL Labs SSL Test.

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What is listen on my apache port?

On Windows it seems not to be that easy figure out if some process is listening on port 80 or 443.
A simple command line command can show the pid of the process that is listening.

netstat -ano | findstr /R 0.0:80 && netstat -ano | findstr /R 0.0:443

Easy ;)

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Apache defend CRIME Attack TLS / SSL

SSL Tests like https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/index.html show a vulnerability against CRIME Attack. To overcome / defend that with apache you can turn off the SSL compression.

SSLCompression off

That makes it easy to defend it.

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Compling Apache 2.4 on Ubuntu or Debian

wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.4.2/srclib
wget http://mirror.netcologne.de/apache.org//apr/apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
tar xvfz apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
mv apr-iconv-1.2.1 apr-iconv
wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.6.tar.gz
tar xvfz zlib-1.2.7.tar.gz
mv zlib-1.2.7 zlib
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.21.tar.gz
tar xvfz pcre-8.21.tar.gz
mv pcre-8.21 pcre
wget http://www.openssl.org/source/http://openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
tar xfz openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
cd openssl-*
./config --prefix=/usr zlib-dynamic --openssldir=/etc/ssl shared
make
make test
sudo make install
cd ../..
./buildconf
./configure --prefix=/opt/apache2 --enable-pie --enable-mods-shared=all --enable-so --disable-include --enable-deflate --enable-headers --enable-expires --enable-ssl=shared --enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event --enable-rewrite --with-z=/home/mario/apache24/httpd-2.4.2/srclib/zlib --enable-module=ssl --enable-fcgid --with-included-apr
make 
sudo make install
cd ..
wget http://www.trieuvan.com/apache//httpd/mod_fcgid/mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
tar xvfz mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
cd mod_fcgid-*
APXS=/opt/apache2/bin/apxs ./configure.apxs
make
sudo make install

For using PHP install php-cgi

add httpd.conf

FcgidMaxProcesses 50
FcgidFixPathinfo 1
FcgidProcessLifeTime 0
FcgidTimeScore 3
FcgidZombieScanInterval 20
FcgidMaxRequestsPerProcess 0
FcgidMaxRequestLen 33554432
FcgidIOTimeout 120

in each vhost

Options Indexes ExecCGI
AddHandler fcgid-script .php
FCGIWrapper /usr/lib/cgi-bin/php5 .php

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Apache 2.4.x Better than rewriting

With httpd Apache 2.4.x is is more simple to do stuff than with 2.2.x

Like forcing the www. in front of a domain. Apache now supports the If Elseif Else :-) Pretty nice!
Light example

<If "$req{Host} != 'www.example.com'">
    RedirectMatch (.*) http://www.example.com$1
</If>

Easy, isn’t it?

A bit more old fashion way, so you can use the %{bla} stuff you already know.

<If "%{HTTP_HOST} == 'example.com'">
Redirect permanent / http://www.example.com
</If>

Also nice is the Define Directive.

OK you have to start apache with the -D parameter. Like httpd -D TEST

<IfDefine TEST>
Define servername test.example.com
</IfDefine>
<IfDefine !TEST>
Define servername www.example.com
Define SSL
</IfDefine>

If you have some example, please let me know!

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Upgrading OpenSSL on Debian 6 (squeeze) or Ubuntu 8.04 (hardy)

The Problem on the long term ubuntu 8.04 and the current stable debian is that they ship the old OpenSSL 0.9.8o With that I wasn’t able to compile the new apache 2.4.1 with all the SSL features I want. Downloading the OpenSSL source and just configure make make install didn’t help at all.

checking whether to enable mod_ssl... checking dependencies 
 checking for OpenSSL... checking for user-provided OpenSSL base directory... none 
 checking for OpenSSL version >= 0.9.7... FAILED 
 configure: WARNING: OpenSSL version is too old 
 no 
 checking whether to enable mod_ssl... configure: error: mod_ssl has been requested but can not be built due to prerequisite failures 
 mario@h2020668:~/apache24/httpd-2.4.1$ openssl version 
 OpenSSL 0.9.8o 01 Jun 2010

The only thing that helped was to use the unix config script plus the right prefix plus the shared option

wget http://openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz 
 tar xfz openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz 
 cd openssl-* 
 ./config --prefix=/usr zlib-dynamic --openssldir=/etc/ssl shared 
 make 
 sudo make install

 

Debian is very fine, but sometimes it sucks because of the lag of new software versions

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