Posts Tagged linux

debian boots into uefi shell

Today one of my linux servers did not boot. Instead there was a grub uefi shell. Typing the help command listed a bunch of commands in dark blue on a dark grey. Not easy to read. Trying to use the gui did not solve the problem. Resetting the config did also not help. Some forum posts said to create a symlink to the efi file. My issue was that /boot/efi is a separate partion due btrfs on the my system.

What did work was using the command line to add the efi again.

bcfg boot add 0 fs0:\EFI\debian\grubx64.efi "Debian"

However writing in english mode on a german style keyboard is often “times of wonder”. Use # ( hash) for the backslash and ä for the quotes. I still wonder why I have to use a backslash on a linux system…

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/dev/null: Permission denied

Das ist mal ein nette Fehlermeldung! Also, wie reparieren?

sudo rm /dev/null
sudo mknod -m 0666 /dev/null c 1 3

und schwups geht alles wieder. Bleibt nur die Frage, wieso und wann das  kaputt gegangen ist!?

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Compling Apache 2.4 on Ubuntu or Debian

wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
wget http://httpd.apache.org/dev/dist/httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2.tar.gz
tar xvfz httpd-2.4.2-deps.tar.gz
cd httpd-2.4.2/srclib
wget http://mirror.netcologne.de/apache.org//apr/apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
tar xvfz apr-iconv-1.2.1.tar.gz
mv apr-iconv-1.2.1 apr-iconv
wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.6.tar.gz
tar xvfz zlib-1.2.7.tar.gz
mv zlib-1.2.7 zlib
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.21.tar.gz
tar xvfz pcre-8.21.tar.gz
mv pcre-8.21 pcre
wget http://www.openssl.org/source/http://openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
tar xfz openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz
cd openssl-*
./config --prefix=/usr zlib-dynamic --openssldir=/etc/ssl shared
make
make test
sudo make install
cd ../..
./buildconf
./configure --prefix=/opt/apache2 --enable-pie --enable-mods-shared=all --enable-so --disable-include --enable-deflate --enable-headers --enable-expires --enable-ssl=shared --enable-mpms-shared=all --with-mpm=event --enable-rewrite --with-z=/home/mario/apache24/httpd-2.4.2/srclib/zlib --enable-module=ssl --enable-fcgid --with-included-apr
make 
sudo make install
cd ..
wget http://www.trieuvan.com/apache//httpd/mod_fcgid/mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
tar xvfz mod_fcgid-2.3.7.tar.gz
cd mod_fcgid-*
APXS=/opt/apache2/bin/apxs ./configure.apxs
make
sudo make install

For using PHP install php-cgi

add httpd.conf

FcgidMaxProcesses 50
FcgidFixPathinfo 1
FcgidProcessLifeTime 0
FcgidTimeScore 3
FcgidZombieScanInterval 20
FcgidMaxRequestsPerProcess 0
FcgidMaxRequestLen 33554432
FcgidIOTimeout 120

in each vhost

Options Indexes ExecCGI
AddHandler fcgid-script .php
FCGIWrapper /usr/lib/cgi-bin/php5 .php

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farbige man pages

Man pages sind nicht immer sehr übersichtlich. Die man pages etwas einzufärben hilft!

ans Ende der .bashrc

export LESS_TERMCAP_mb=$'\E[01;31m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_md=$'\E[01;31m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_me=$'\E[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_se=$'\E[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_so=$'\E[01;44;33m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_ue=$'\E[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_us=$'\E[01;32m'

schon sind die man pages in Farbe.

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Upgrading OpenSSL on Debian 6 (squeeze) or Ubuntu 8.04 (hardy)

The Problem on the long term ubuntu 8.04 and the current stable debian is that they ship the old OpenSSL 0.9.8o With that I wasn’t able to compile the new apache 2.4.1 with all the SSL features I want. Downloading the OpenSSL source and just configure make make install didn’t help at all.

checking whether to enable mod_ssl... checking dependencies 
 checking for OpenSSL... checking for user-provided OpenSSL base directory... none 
 checking for OpenSSL version >= 0.9.7... FAILED 
 configure: WARNING: OpenSSL version is too old 
 no 
 checking whether to enable mod_ssl... configure: error: mod_ssl has been requested but can not be built due to prerequisite failures 
 mario@h2020668:~/apache24/httpd-2.4.1$ openssl version 
 OpenSSL 0.9.8o 01 Jun 2010

The only thing that helped was to use the unix config script plus the right prefix plus the shared option

wget http://openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz 
 tar xfz openssl-1.0.1.tar.gz 
 cd openssl-* 
 ./config --prefix=/usr zlib-dynamic --openssldir=/etc/ssl shared 
 make 
 sudo make install

 

Debian is very fine, but sometimes it sucks because of the lag of new software versions

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vserver ubuntu IPv6 network

Since some days there is IPv6 available for my server. But I noticed it just today. Editing /etc/network/interfaces and adding a new virtual interface didn’t work at all. The /etc/init.d/networking restart just showed errors. And ifconfig venet0 wasn’t satisfying.

What works is /etc/network/interfaces just adding the loopbback

iface lo inet6 loopback
        adress ::1
        netmask 128
        gateway fe80::1

Now the trick is to add /etc/rc.local and add this before exit 0

ip addr add 2a01:238:40ab:cd12:dead:beef:dead:beef/128 dev venet0
ip route add default via fe80::1 dev venet0

Than execute /etc/rc.local
Wonder o wonder. Ifconfig works and also ping6 ipv6.example.com

Than I had to add the new ipv6 adress to my apache config

Listen [2a01:238:40ab:cd12:dead:beef:dead:beef]:80

Don’t forget a to create a symlink from rc.local to /etc/rc2.d/S21rc2.local

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Scroll console output on FreeBSD

People coming from Linux will find that they can’t scroll back through the console output the same way on FreeBSD.

In FreeBSD you need to press “Scroll Lock” and use the arrow keys, PageUp and PageDown to be able to scroll backwards and forwards the console output. To go back to the prompt press “Scroll Lock” again.

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sudo owns me!

Today I installed sudo on my freeBSD test server. Typed a wrong password and got: You type like i drive. owned! That is a difference from freeBSD to linux sudo

sudo -s also works.

sudo also has an insult mode, which will question your intelligence if you enter a password in wrong.

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fun with chmod

Fun thing to do as root, in root: chmod -R 666 * Just as bad as rm -rf *, but more fun. “The files are all there, but I can’t do anything with them!” And you can’t change permissions, since chmod isn’t executable either. :-)

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Install Tweetdeck on Ubuntu 10.04 64 bit

The worse thing about this is that there is only a 32 bit version of adobe air which is needed to run tweetdeck.

sudo apt-get install lib32asound2 lib32gcc1 lib32ncurses5 lib32stdc++6 lib32z1 libc6 libc6-i386 lib32nss-mdns
wget http://frozenfox.freehostia.com/cappy/getlibs-all.deb
sudo dpkg -i getlibs-all.deb
sudo getlibs -l libnss3.so.1d libnssutil3.so.1d libsmime3.so.1d libssl3.so.1d libnspr4.so.0d libplc4.so.0d \
libplds4.so.0d libgnome-keyring.so libgnome-keyring.so.0 libgnome-keyring.so.0.1.1
sudo ldconfig

Download the AdobeAIRInstaller.bin from http://get.adobe.com/de/air/otherversions/

chmod +x ~/Desktop/AdobeAIRInstaller.bin
sudo ~/Desktop/AdobeAIRInstaller.bin

Keept the /opt folder

goto http://www.tweetdeck.com/desktop/

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